Endodontics is the study and treatment of dental pulp. Dental pulp is the centre part of your tooth root where the nerves, blood vessels and soft tissue reside. Endodontists perform many procedures such as endodontic therapy (or more commonly known as “root canal therapy”), endodontic retreatment, cracked teeth, dental trauma and surgery.


Your teeth consist of two parts – the crown and the roots. The crown is the part of the tooth that is visible above and gums and the roots are the part of the tooth that is beneath the gum. Inside the roots there is a channel known as the root canal that contains the pulp, or the “nerve”of the tooth. It is possible to damage the pulp by decay, deep restorations, trauma or disease. When this occurs is it possible to save the tooth by removing the infected pulp tissue. This is known as endodontic or root canal therapy. This procedure removes only the infected tissue from the root canal and as such the root can continue to function because the supporting tissues are still normal. It is advisable to have infected tissue removed as soon as possible to minimize risk to other tissues, or even other teeth.


Infected pulp is removed and the root canal is thoroughly cleaned and then sealed. This form of therapy may be completed in one or more visits depending on the amount of treatment you require. Since root canal therapy is a predictable treatment, your endodontist will be able to let you know at the time of consultation if the chance of success isn’t high or if a complication arises during treatment. Root canal therapy usually involves the use of a local anesthesia, however you should be able to drive yourself home or return to your normal routine.


The main purpose of the practice of endodontics is save the tooth before the decay or infection becomes so bad that the tooth will have to be removed.
When taking this into consideration it is a beneficial procedure to undertake as it has many advantages such as: efficient chewing, maintains normal bite force and sensation, maintains natural appearance and protects your other teeth at the same time. It also lets you continue to eat the food that you want to and helps limit ongoing dental work making it cheaper for you in the long run! After receiving root canal treatment natural teeth can last just as long as your other teeth.


In most cases all you would need is a root canal to save teeth that have infected pulp. Occasionally, however, this non-surgical procedure will not be enough to save the tooth and your endodontists will recommend surgery. Endodontic surgery can be useful in location fractures or hidden canals that may not appear on x-rays but will still cause pain. This procedure can also treat damaged root surfaces or surrounding bone. An apicectomy or root-end resection is the most common surgery that your endodontist will use to save damaged teeth.

If you are experiencing pain while eating or suspect that you might require endodontic therapy, visit Dr. Mher Grigoryan for professional and quality dental care. With many years of experience practicing endodontics you can be sure that you are in the best hands.